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Substance Abuse

Current Projects


Safe Haven

Contact: Josephine Korchmaros (

Safe Haven is a project that aims to increase capacity and infrastructure to provide medication-assisted treatment [MAT] and recovery support services to adults with opioid use disorder, including to those of historically underserved groups, with an emphasis on Hispanic individuals.


U-MATTER—Unified Medication Assisted Treatment Targeted Engagement Response project

 Contact: Josephine Korchmaros (

U-Matter is a project that aims to enhance and expand access to medication assisted treatment services for adults in Pima County, AZ with an opioid use disorder by increasing capacity and infrastructure to identify, engage, and retain individuals with opioid use disorder in comprehensive medication assisted treatment and recovery support services.


Bridges to Wellness (B-Well)

Contact: Alison Greene (; Josephine Korchmaros (

Bridges to Wellness is an infrastructure and capacity-building project to deliver and sustain prevention services to reduce the onset of substance abuse (SA), HIV, and Viral Hepatitis (VH) among system-involved minority youth ages 13-17 in Tucson and Sells, Arizona. B-Well is a collaboration between SIROW, Intermountain Centers for Human Development, the Pima County Health Department, and the Pima County Community Prevention Coalition. Four project goals include: (1) completion of a needs assessment and strategic plan; (2) mobilization and capacity building to address identified prevention needs; (3) implementation of prevention strategies and programs; and (4) evaluation of program processes and outcomes to assess performance and project impact on behavioral health disparities. The Intermountain infrastructure/capacity-building component includes: a Train-the-Trainer model to train youth professionals to deliver prevention services; developing policies for successful implementation; integrating Intermountain staff into B-Well service delivery; and embedding B-Well project services into existing Intermountain services. Community infrastructure development and capacity-building includes collaborating and coordinating with the Community Prevention Coalition as key stakeholders, and working to increase protective factors in the community through direct and indirect environmental prevention, outreach activities, and social marketing. The prevention component for youth will utilize a Cognitive Behavioral and Motivational Interviewing approach, combining small group evidence-based curricula; individual prevention planning; SA screening; HIV and VH counseling and testing; and active linkages to additional services.


Examination of the Effectiveness of The Seven Challenges for Adults

Funded by D7 Treatment; March 1, 2016 – December 31, 2017
Contact Jo Korchmaros (

For Examination of the Effectiveness of The Seven Challenges for Adults, SIROW is partnering with D7 Treatment, a substance use treatment provider located in Idaho. The purpose of this project is to examine the effectiveness of The Seven Challenges, adapted for adults in order to build evidence for the model. To this end, they propose to conduct a quasi-experimental study to address two questions. The first is whether adult clients of The Seven Challenges improve their behavioral and mental health outcomes (e.g., recidivism; alcohol and other drug use; co-occurring issues) as a result of engaging in The Seven Challenges program. The second is whether the improvements in behavioral and mental health outcomes experienced by adult clients of D7 Treatment who engage in The Seven Challenges program are greater than those experienced by adult clients of D7 Treatment who engage in standard-of-care substance abuse treatment. Findings from this study will be used to inform the provision of substance use treatment locally at D7 Treatment. Moreover, it will be used to inform the field of substance use treatment regarding the effectiveness of The Seven Challenges and its potential to effectively address substance abuse problems within the broader population of adults across the nation suffering from these problems.


Pregnant/Postpartum Women and Adolescent /Young Adult Substance Abuse National Cross-site Evaluation. 

March 4, 2015- January 27, 2020
Contact: Sally Stevens (

Pregnant/Postpartum Women and Adolescent /Young Adult Substance Abuse National Cross-site Evaluation, is collaboration between Research Triangle International (RTI) (lead agency), Health & Education Research, Management, & Epidemiologic Services (HERMES), and SIROW. This national evaluation includes three of SAMHSA’s initiatives: (1) Services Grant Program for Residential Treatment for Pregnant and Postpartum Women (PPW); (2) State Adolescent Treatment Enhancement and Dissemination (SAT-ED); and (3) Cooperative Agreements for State Adolescent and Transitional Aged Youth Treatment Enhancement and Dissemination (SYT). Through a multi-site, multi-component, 5-year project, this evaluation addresses 10 tasks: (1) Communication and development of evaluation plan of performance and coordination plan; (2) Office of Management and Budget clearance; (3) Evaluation technical assistance for PPW grantees; (4) Evaluation technical assistance for SAT-ED and SYT grantees; (5) Cross-site analysis of SAT-ED and SYT grantees; (6) Support analyses of PPW quarterly data collections and local evaluations; (7) Special report on pregnant and postpartum women and their families; (8) Routine reporting for SAT-ED and SYT; (9) Project tracking system, and (10) Final Reports and debriefings. Findings from this evaluation will contribute to the knowledge base about best practices and lessons learned from the PPW, SAT-ED, and SYT programs, which will advance the field as they are applied in other treatment modalities and to other settings where pregnant and post-partum women and transitional-aged youth receive services. The findings from this evaluation will be broadly disseminated through multiple venues.




Collaborating Partners is a wonderful recourse for those who are looking for support and/or treatment with regard to alcohol or drug related needs. You can get more information by viewing their website HERE.



Completed Projects


Volunteer Telephone Continuing Care

Contact: Alison Greene ( ; Tamara Sargus (

The Volunteer Telephone Continuing Care (VTCC) project is a NIH-NIAAA funded project examining the effectiveness of delivering volunteer telephone continuing care services to adolescents transitioning out of residential substance abuse treatment. Adolescents who participate in the project will be randomly assigned to either usual continuing care (UCC) (e.g., referrals to outpatient services) or UCC plus Volunteer Telephone Continuing Care (VTCC).  VTCC is delivered by trained volunteers who initiate and maintain a schedule of supportive contact through telecommunication for 9 months post-discharge.  SIROW (one of three sites participating in this study) is partnering with local agencies to enroll adolescents who qualify. The aims of this study are to: 1) evaluate the main effect of VTCC on changes over time on improving pro-recovery peers and activities, decreasing alcohol and other drug (AOD) frequency of use, and AOD-related problems during the 12 months post-discharge; 2) evaluate the extent to which changes in pro-recovery peers and activities mediate the effects of VTCC on changes in AOD use and AOD-related problems over 12 months; and 3) evaluate the extent to which treatment readiness at baseline moderates the main effects of VTCC on changes in pro-recovery peers and activities, AOD frequency of use, and AOD-related problems at month 12.

To view the Tucson's Youth VTCC Resource Guide, click HERE.


Arizona Youth in Transition Project/State Youth Treatment

Funded by SAMHSA-Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT); September 1, 2013-August 31, 2017
Contact: Alison Greene (
Arizona’s Youth in Transition project in collaboration with ADHS/DBHS, SIROW, CPSA, Pima Prevention Partnership, and Compass-
SAMHC Behavioral Health Care. The purpose of Arizona’s Youth in Transition project is to develop Arizona’s infrastructure and capacity to provide high quality services for youth who are ages 12-24 and who have substance use disorders or substance abuse and co-occurring mental health disorders. The project includes two components: a direct services component and a capacity building component. In the direct services component, youth in Pima County receive substance abuse treatment and recovery services which utilize the Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (A-CRA). Lessons learned from implementation of the project at the two local sites have been used to enhance service delivery in other areas of the state. In the capacity building component, Arizona is offering extensive statewide training for treatment providers in utilization of evidence based practices with adolescents and transition age youths. In addition, Arizona is enhancing its system of care plans to address the needs of adolescents and transition aged youth with substance use disorders. SIROW provides the state-level evaluation as well as a small component of the local evaluation.


i-Team: A Treatment Systems Approach for Homeless LGBTQ Youth.

Contacts: Claudia Powell (; Sally Stevens (

UA-SIROW worked with Our Family Services, Open Inn, Wingspan, CODAC Behavioral Health Services (CODAC), and the Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation (SAAF) to develop and implement “Treatment Empowerment for Adolescents on the Move” (iTEAM); a comprehensive Systems approach for drug/alcohol and mental health treatment for homeless lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning youth (LGBTQ) and their straight allies. Homeless youth, ages 15 to 23, from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds were enrolled in the project.

i-Team Links

(2015) Research Brief Series I: General Description of LGBTQQ Individuals in AZ

(2015) Research Brief Series II: Harassment & Abuse of LGBTQQ Individuals in AZ

LGBTQQ Individuals in AZ: Eon Project (Adolescents & Young Adults) General Demographics (pdf)
LGBTQQ Individuals in AZ: Eon Project (dolescents & Young Adults) Harassment and Abuse (pdf)
LGBTQQ Individuals in AZ: Eon Project (Adolescents & Young Adults) Social Support (pdf)

To get more informaion about iTEAM via the Wingspan (SIROW Collaborator) website, click HERE

To get more information about iTEAM via the CODAC (SIROW Collaborator) website, click HERE

To view a 2014 poster about community collaboration, click HERE.

To view a UA News article written about iTEAM click HERE

To view the University of Arizona- College of Social and Behavioral Science iTEAM program announcment click HERE



Working Poor Mothers of Minors (MOMs): Residential Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Recovery Support Services for Pregnant and Postpartum Women and their Minor Children, Including Their Non-Residential Family Members

Contact: Rosi Andrade (

MOMs implemented a comprehensive, gender specific, and culturally competent residential substance abuse treatment, prevention, and recovery support service project for pregnant and postpartum women and their minor children, including their non-residential family members.  MOMs targeted pregnant or postpartum working women living below the poverty rate who were in need of residential substance abuse treatment and who did not qualify for state-funded health care/drug treatment.  MOMs was unique in that it served an unmet need in providing affordable flexible residential substance abuse treatment for working poor women while the women continue to work, and therapeutic services for their children as well as for the women’s non-residential family members.  MOMs was expected to serve 126 women, 214 children, and 189 family members not in treatment (e.g., partners, fathers of children, or other relevant family members). MOMs collaborators included SIROW, The Haven Women’s Residential Drug Treatment program, Arizona’s Children Association, Compass Affordable Housing, and the Community Partnership of Southern Arizona.  MOMs was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

For a more detailed description of the MOMs Project click HERE.

To view a poster considering health consequences and potential solutions, click HERE.

To view the May, 2014 MOM's newsletter click HERE.

To view the April, 2013 MOM's newsletter click HERE.

To view a KVOA news story about the MOMs Project follow this link:



Step Forward II

Contact: Claudia Powell (

Step Forward II was a collaboration between CODAC, SIROW, and Southern Arizona AIDS Foundation (SAAF).  Step Forward II provided outreach, substance abuse prevention and screening services, substance abuse outpatient treatment in conjunction with sexual health education services for youth ages 12 to 17 living in the Tucson, AZ community.  It was a multi-faceted program that provided age-appropriate and interactive programming in a number of locations (charter and alternative schools, substance abuse treatment, juvenile probation and parole).  The outpatient substance abuse treatment was provided by CODAC while the sexual health curriculum was facilitated by staff working for CODAC, SIROW, and SAAF.  The health education component offered a number of interactive curriculum sessions along with HIV testing and counseling.  Youth took part in one or all of program components, based on their level of need.  The program evaluation included a baseline, discharge and 6-month follow-up assessment.  SIROW was responsible for oversight of both sexual health curriculum program fidelity and project evaluation data analysis.  Step Forward II was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration -Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.

To view a 2014 sexual health resource guide (Common Sexual Health Questions & Answers: A Guide for Youth and Families) developed by the Step Forward project, click HERE.

To view a 2014 poster representing SIROW-HEY (Health Education for Youth) Curriculum, click HERE. 



HerStory To Health  

Woman’s HIV, STD, Hepatitis B and C, and Mental Health Drug Treatment Enhancement and Program Expansion Project

Contact: Rosi Andrade, PhD. (

The University of Arizona's Southwest Institute for Research on Women in collaboration with The Haven’s Mother and Child residential drug treatment program for women, pregnant women, and women with children; the Pima County Health Department; and Primavera Foundation’s four homeless women’s programs: 1) Casa Paloma's Drop-in Hospitality, 2) Casa Paloma Transitional Housing, 3) Five Points Transitional Housing, and 4) Relief & Referral, implemented HerStory to Health, a comprehensive, gender specific, and culturally competent HIV, STD, and Hepatitis B and C prevention and mental health enhancement project targeting Latinas and African American women enrolled in Primavera’s four programs and The Haven, and through a program expansion based on outreach to enroll homeless women in Primavera programs, all located in Pima County (Tucson), Arizona.

HerStory to Health Links
Research Brief: LGBTQQ Individual in AZ: Herstory General Demographics (pdf)
Research Brief: LGBTQQ Individuals in AZ: Herstory Harassment and Abuse (pdf)
Research Brief: LGBTQQ Individuals in AZ: Herstory Social Support (pdf)



Project DAP (Determining Another Path)

Contacts: Sally Stevens (

DAP was an action-research project that provided HIV/STD and sexual health education and disease testing and treatment for adolescents in residential substance abuse treatment.  Project DAP was a collaboration between SIROW, the Arizona Children’s Association (AzCA), and the Pima County Health Department (PCHD). 
Project DAP Links
Pima County Juvenile Court Centers: Make a Change Unit: Preliminary Results (pdf)
DAP Newletters: January 2009, March 2009
DAP Education Video: Snoozefest: The Importance of Sleep (link to YouTube)
DAP Final Progress Report, March 2012 <pdf>



 Las Rosas Emergency Support Funds

Contact: Alison Greene (

Las Rosas Emergency Support Funds was a supporting project to Las Rosas.  Las Rosas served adolescent girls in Southern Arizona by providing recovery support following substance abuse treatment.  During this six-month period of recovery support, many of the enrolled girls experienced major life transitions.  This small grant funds items not covered by the federal grant that are necessary for girls to smoothly transition into their new life (e.g., personal clothing, personal hygiene items, and transportation).  Las Rosas Emergency Support Funds assisted 35 girls and helped meet education, employment, and health needs in order to improve their overall well-being.  Las Rosas Emergency Support Funds was funded by the UA Commission on the Status of Women.



 Project CHAT

Contact: Sally Stevens (

This project was a collaboration between UA Campus Health Service and SIROW.  Project CHAT (Campus Health Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment) was aimed at increasing alcohol and other drug treatment within a university health services center through: 1) brief screening; 2) brief intervention and referral by CHS providers; and 3) increased provision of more intensive screening, intervention and referral for treatment.  UA Campus Health Service conducted a two-session intervention utilizing the Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS) protocol.  SIROW evaluators collected data on: 1) increased number of providers using motivational interviewing to provide a brief intervention; 2) increased referrals to treatment by providers and self-referral from baseline through implementation; 3) increased student referrals who enter treatment (including BASICS); and 4) individual reductions in alcohol and other drug use and related problems among students receiving BASICS or other treatment through the Project CHAT, measured through baseline and 3, and 6-month follow-up surveys.  Project CHAT enrolled 390 students over the three-year project span.  Project CHAT was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. 



Project Safe

Contact: Sally Stevens (

This project was a collaboration between UA Campus Health Service and SIROW.  The aim of Project SAFE was to integrate individual and environmental strategies to prevent high-risk drinking among first-year students.  Through baseline, discharge, and 3-month follow-up surveys, SIROW evaluated how reductions in high-risk drinking may be achieved by 1) providing mandatory online screening and immediate personal feedback to all incoming freshmen; 2) testing the efficacy of an online vs. class diversion program for students with alcohol infractions; 3) providing cognitive-behavioral skills training, norms clarification and motivational enhancement to students receiving a second alcohol infraction; 4) correcting misperceptions of UA student alcohol and other drug use and behavioral norms through a campus-wide social norms media campaign; 5) increasing knowledge about alcohol related policies, laws and safer consumption; 6) limiting access and availability of alcohol to all first-year and underage students through law enforcement and community partnerships; and 7) disseminating findings through meetings and publications.  Project SAFE was funded by the U.S. Department of Education.



EMPACT: Adolescent Treatment Evaluation Study 

Contact: Sally Stevens (

The purpose of EMPACT was to evaluate the EMPACT-Suicide Prevention Center programs, primarily the Teen Substance Abuse Treatment Program (TSAT), that served adolescent substance users living in Phoenix, Arizona.  The TSAT program was an intensive outpatient treatment program for substance abusing youth, most of who are referred from the criminal justice system.  150 adolescents were enrolled in this study over the 3-year project period with assessment points at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12-month post baseline.  EMPACT was funded by EMPACT/Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.



La Canada Adolescent Treatment Research Study

Contact: Sally Stevens (

The purpose of this project was to examine the differential effectiveness of three promising treatment programs for drug using, criminally involved youth.  The final sample size was 292 youths with 70% male and all between the ages of 12 and 17 years.  Baseline (intake) data indicates significant drug use, criminal involvement, mental health issues, family and school problems as well as extensive environmental stress and trauma (i.e., involvement in drive-by shootings, having a friend die violently.)  Outcome data indicates reductions in substance use, mental health issues, and other related negative behaviors.  Several publications with regard to project findings as well as a treatment replication manual are currently available for dissemination. This three-year study was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center of Substance Abuse Treatment

To view the Adolescent Grief and Loss Report click HERE



Proyecto de las Mariposas (Las Mariposas)

Contact: Alison Greene (

SIROW, in collaboration with Compass Health Care (CHC), implemented an outpatient treatment program for adolescents and their caregivers that used the Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (ACRA) as well as the Assertive Continuing Care (ACC) models of treatment and continuing care.  Las Mariposas identified, motivated, engaged, and treated youth and caregivers over three years. The primary purpose of Las Mariposas was to increase capacity for adolescent substance abuse treatment as well as provide a continuum of care using the proven effective models of ACRA and ACC.  To accomplish this, Las Mariposas 1) utilized the youth led theatrical group, Clean and Sober Theater (CAST) to assist with identification, motivation, and recruitment of adolescents in need of treatment, 2) participated in trainings and ongoing fidelity monitoring to ensure that that well-implemented, evidence based services were provided to youth and their caregivers, and 3) conducted a process and outcome evaluation so that evidence about ACRA and ACC’s effectiveness were examined within a culturally diverse population in the Southwestern United States.  A participatory process was incorporated into each component of Las Mariposas so that adolescents and their caregivers, clinical staff, and evaluation staff were provided opportunities to provide recommendations for improvements and preservations within each component (recruitment, clinical, and evaluation).  Las Mariposas was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.



Family Drug Court

Contact: Claudia Powell (

The purpose of the Pima County Family Drug Court (FDC) project was to improve outcomes for clients' including: graduation rates, completion of treatment, and family reunification.  FDC provided treatment for trauma, improved clinical supervision, hired a Drug Court Coordinator, and increased awareness of the special needs of this population gained through cross-training.

SIROW’s previous evaluation of Pima County Family Drug Court identified many positive outcomes:  1) significantly higher rates of engagement in and completion of drug and alcohol treatment by drug court clients as compared to the general population of parents in the Child Protective Services (CPS) system, and 2) higher rates of family reunification and less time to permanency for drug court clients’ children.  With the support of key stakeholders from CPS and the local treatment community, FDC expanded from providing drug court services to clients from one zip code to the entire county and established a number of partnerships with local agencies to provide wraparound services to FDC clients.  The purpose of the evaluation of FDC was to answer some of the questions that were left unanswered from the previous project (e.g., What services are most critical to clients? What is the level of client satisfaction? Why does Drug Court work for some but not for others?).  This evaluation consisted of interviews with participants to determine their level of satisfaction and success as participants in FDCFDC was funded by a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment grant awarded to the Pima County Juvenile Court Center (PCJCC).



Court Assisted Treatment Services/Family Drug Court (CATS/FDC)

Contact: Sally Stevens (

CATS/FDC evaluated Pima County Juvenile Court Center’s (PCJCC’s) Court Assisted Treatment Services/Family Drug Court (CATS/FDC) program, which provided case management services to substance-involved families referred through Arizona Department of Economic Services (DES) Child Protective Services (CPS).  The goals of the evaluation were to examine 1) the number of CATS/FDC clients served over the three years of the grant, especially in relation to efficacy of service delivery; 2) changes in incidence of abuse of alcohol and other drugs by program participants; 3) variations in the rate of child-parent reunification for participants involved with CATS/FDC; and 4) ease and effectiveness, in terms of service delivery, of the new community collaborations.  The main objective was to gather data measuring the effectiveness of community collaborations with the PCJCC and the quality of service of local agencies providing relapse prevention groups, detoxification and crisis beds, parenting training, transportation and visitation, and vocational assessment, training and placement.  These service agencies included: CODAC Behavioral Health Services, Compass Health Care, Providence of Arizona, Inc., AVIVA Children’s Services, and a UA College of Agriculture program called Protection for Homemakers Seeking Employment (PHASE).  This evalution was funded by a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment grant awarded to PCJCC. 



Joint Meeting on Adolescent Treatment Effectiveness

Contact: Sally Stevens (

The Joint Meeting for Adolescent Treatment Effectiveness (JMATE) was a biannual meeting that began in 2005 through the leadership of the Society for Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Effectiveness (SASATE), Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), National Institute on Drug Abuse Treatment (NIDA), National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), and several private foundations and providers.  The original purpose of JMATE was to bring diverse constituencies together in order to share/exchange information with one primary goal: improving and promoting adolescent substance abuse treatment.  Given the caliber of speakers, content, and effective approach, JMATE has become a premier meeting that well attended by experts in the field. For the past two JMATE conferences, SIROW was asked to lead the development and execution of the meeting.  Dr. Sally Stevens was the JMATE Chair in 2008 funded by Westat, and Ms. Bridget Ruiz was the Chair for 2010 funded by JBS International via a contract from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration -Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.



Seven Challenges Evaluation: Providence Site

Contact: Josephine Korchmaros (

The major goal of this project was to analyze, interpret, and disseminate project outcome findings from an evaluation of Providence Service Corporation’s The Seven Challenges outpatient adolescent outpatient substance abuse treatment program.  Data collection protocols had previously been developed by SIROW to be used at the Providence site and project personnel collected the data over a two-year period of time.  SIROW were awarded these funds to analyze the data and disseminate the findings, including the writing of an article to be published in an academic journal.  This project was funded by The Seven Challenges, Inc.



Evidenced-Based Models for Youth: Testing the Efficacy on Substance Abuse, Trauma, & Justice Outcomes Project (EbTX Project)

Contact: Josephine Korchmaros (

The purpose of the EbTX Project was to 1) test the efficacy of two evidence-based adolescent intervention models used in outpatient settings in Tucson, Arizona, and 2) conduct an extensive review of trauma-informed care.  While there are several evidenced-based models being utilized in this geographic area, the two models included in this study were The Seven Challenges® (Schwebel, 2004) and the Matrix Model (Rawson, 1995).  These models have varying levels of evidence to support their respective efficacy on adolescent substance use outcomes.  However, there is limited evidence about if and to what degree these models improve or do not improve 1) emotional health and 2) delinquency, crime, and juvenile justice related outcomes.  EbTX Project intended to fill this knowledge gap.  SIROW worked with the Community Partnership of Southern Arizona and two community-based treatment agencies to enroll, assess, and follow adolescents enrolled in these treatment approaches.  In addition, given the lack of knowledge with regard to adolescents’ experiences of traumatic events, how these traumatic events are related to substance abuse and mental health issues, and approaches that may be promising in addressing trauma, EbTX Project included an extensive literature review on adolescent trauma and trauma-informed care.  EbTX Project was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration – Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.



Youth Empowerment Project: YEP

Contact: Sally Stevens (

The purpose of the Youth Empowerment Project (YEP) was to develop and deliver a curriculum that is culturally and gender appropriate for 270 adolescents who are at high risk for using substances and engaging in behaviors that could lead to HIV infection.  Of those youth, 57% were female and 80% were Hispanic.  In addition, YEP included an intervention process and outcome evaluations.  Baseline and 6 and 12-month follow-up assessments were obtained to examine changes in behaviors of the 270 youth enrolled in YEP.  This three-year project, with the Tucson Urban League, was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center of Substance Abuse Prevention.

To view the Adolescent Grief and Loss Report click HERE



HIV Treatment Expansion Adolescent Study 

Contact: Sally Stevens (

SIROW conducted the evaluation component of this multi-agency treatment expansion project.  This project provided expanded services in the area HIV, STD, Hepatitis, and TB to adolescents enrolled in drug treatment.  The evaluation include conducting baseline, 6 and 12-month follow up assessments to examine changes in knowledge and behaviors with regard to the expanded activities.  There were a total of 518 youth enrolled in the evaluation component of the study, with 92% of the youth completing the 6 month follow-up assessment and 88% completing the 12 month follow-up assessment.  This project was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.



The Eon Project: Capacity Enhancement to Improve and Integrate Culturally Relevant Substance Abuse and HIV/AIDS Services

Contact: Claudia Powell (

The Eon Project, a collaboration of five agencies, was a substance abuse capacity expansion effort that offered culturally-specific substance abuse treatment, HIV/AIDS, and support services to gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) youth of color and their multi-ethnic peers.  SIROW was contracted to provide the evaluation component.  The goals for Eon Project were to 1) increase availability of culturally responsive substance abuse treatment and HIV prevention/intervention services for GLBT youth of color and their multi-ethic peers, 2) increase the number of GLBT youth of color and their multi-ethnic peers who access and utilize substance abuse prevention/intervention services, 3) expand and support an integrated support system for GLBT youth of color and their multi-ethnic peers, 4) support internal asset development of GLBT youth of color, and 5) increase the number of GLBT youth of color who access HIV/AIDS prevention/care services, including HIV anti-body counseling and testing.  Eon Project was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment through the Pima County Health Department.



Project Own Yourself

Contact: Claudia Powell (

The primary goal of Project Own Yourself was to prevent and reduce substance use and high-risk behaviors that lead to substance abuse and HIV infection, while increasing pro-social behaviors associated with improved health, community involvement, and personal well-being.  The specific objectives of Project Own Yourself include 1) providing culturally responsive substance abuse education to African-American female adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18, 2) encouraging substance abuse prevention by increasing refusal strategies, relationship management skills and community awareness, and 3) increasing knowledge of HIV and AIDS transmission and prevention.  While African-Americans make up a small percentage of the population in Tucson, they are overrepresented in prisons, in substance abuse treatment programs, and in the number of people infected with HIV/AIDS.  Project Own Yourself planned to enroll a total of sixty African-American girls.  The girls participated in four interactive, educational and empowerment sessions focused on substance use and HIV/AIDS, and topics that intersect with substance use and HIV/AIDS.  These prevention sessions were culturally adapted to meet the specific needs of African American girls.  Project Own Yourself was funded by the Women’s Foundation of Southern Arizona, Unidas Grant.



Development of a Cooperative Drug and Alcohol Treatment System for Youth: Stregthening Communities- Step Forward Project I

Contact: Sally Stevens (

Step Forward I’s goals were to establish an infrastructure for substance abuse services which provide a coordinated continuum of care to effectively intervene with substance abusing youth and their families throughout Pima County, Arizona.  The evaluation had two main components: a process and outcome evaluation.  Youth were assessed at baseline on a number of variables (e.g. criminality, substance use, mental health) and were followed after treatment every three months out to one year.  In addition, Step Forward I examined policy implications with regard to a system of care for adolescent substance abuse treatment.  Step Forward I was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration - Center of Substance Abuse Treatment through a subcontract with CODAC Behavioral Health Services.



An action-based project providing substance abuse continuing care for adolescents and their families referred from Tucson and Sierra Vista communities and K-12 schools)



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